Live births and stillbirths number and rate are also provided down to local authority level. Five explorable datasets providing more detailed birth statistics are also made available alongside this first release of annual births data in July. These explorable datasets have been designed to protect the confidentiality of individuals; they are outlined in this section. Age of mother: under 20 years, 20 to 24, 25 to 29, 30 to 34, 35 to 39, 40 to 44, 45 years and over, not stated.
The following rates are available for countries, regions, counties and local authorities in England and Wales:.
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Between August and December, a further four themed birth statistical releases are released. Each package consists of datasets accompanied by a statistical bulletin. Summary figures are also available down to local authority level. Birth characteristics : contains summary live birth statistics for local authorities within the UK, statistics on stillbirths and maternities for England and Wales, birthweight data for live births and stillbirths by mother's region of usual residence, and live births and stillbirths in hospitals and communal establishments by region of occurrence.
This release also provides figures on month of occurrence, place of birth, ethnicity of baby, gestational age, multiple births for England and Wales as a whole, and the number of live births and stillbirths by Index of Multiple Deprivation IMD for England and for Wales. Prior to the data year these figures, except for the new tables added from the data year onwards, were published in Characteristics of Birth 1 and Characteristics of Birth 2.
It also provides data on previous live-born children, National Statistics Socio-economic Classification NS-SEC , median birth intervals, age-specific fertility rates for men and mean age of fathers. All tables are for England and Wales as a whole with no subnational breakdown.
Prior to the data year, these figures were published in Characteristics of mother 1 , Characteristics of mother 2 and Further parental characteristics. Before the data year, a further births package Births by area of usual residence was published providing summary data for live births down to local authority level including figures by age of mother. Figures by age of mother are now available in our explorable datasets while the summary birth statistics at local authority level are available in Birth characteristics Table 1.
These changes were outlined in our consultation response on proposed changes to birth statistics. Historic data are included in each publication where possible. Publication dates for statistical releases are announced on the GOV. UK release calendar. Statistical bulletins are published alongside releases and provide commentary on main findings.
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The registration of life events births, deaths, marriages and civil partnerships is a service carried out by the Local Registration Service in partnership with the General Register Office GRO in Southport, England. Most of the information, for both live births and stillbirths, is typically supplied to registrars by:. The duty of giving information is placed primarily upon the parents of the child but, in the case of death or inability of the parents, the duty falls on one of the other qualified informants. The particulars to be registered concerning a birth are prescribed by the Births and Deaths Registration Act Certain other particulars are collected for statistical purposes under the Population Statistics Acts and , and are not entered in the register.
The procedures and information required for stillbirths are similar to those for live births. The main difference is the recording of the cause of death of the stillborn child, based on evidence given by the doctor or midwife present at the birth or who examined the body. There are also differences in the way birthweight is processed: for more information see Section 4.
Usually, information for the registration of a birth must be given personally by the informant to the registrar for the sub-district in which the birth occurred. However, an informant may supply this information to any registrar by making a declaration of these particulars. The declaration is sent to the registrar of the sub-district where the birth occurred, and that registrar will enter the particulars in the register.
Since 1 September , it has been possible for two females in a same-sex couple to register a birth. This new law applied to fertility treatments carried out on or after 6 April Informants are also required to provide further information, treated as confidential, under the provisions of the PSA:. Two amendments to the PSA mean that from 28 May information is now collected at all birth registrations on:. Prior to the amendments in , these questions were only asked for births that occurred within marriage, and the number of previous children only related to those with the current or previous husband.
The accuracy of information contained in the draft birth entry is the responsibility of the informant s , usually the mother, or both parents where the registration is a joint one outside marriage. Wilfully supplying false information may render the informant s liable to prosecution for perjury. There are also validation checks carried out by the registrar. Therefore, it is believed that in general the information supplied by the informant s is correct.
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In November , a pilot for a web-based Registration Online system for births and deaths RON , commenced in five registration districts. This enabled registrars to record births, stillbirths and deaths online. Following the success of this pilot, RON was implemented in most register offices on 26 March However, due to significant performance problems, the system was suspended on 10 April resulting in around half of registrars reverting back to using the previous electronic system, Registration Service Software RSS.
Any remaining birth registrations that were held only on paper at register offices were later entered onto the RON system at the ONS, or by the local registration service. Once all the birth records were available electronically, a rigorous statistical quality assurance process was completed by the ONS. Work to improve the performance of RON continued throughout During this time a further 15 registration districts moved back onto RON. The RON system was fully rolled out on 1 July with all register offices using it to record births from this date.
With the introduction of RON, it became possible to carry out some additional validation checks at the point of registration, such as validation of address and postcode. Under the Population Statistics Acts PSA , certain confidential data items are collected at the registration of a birth. Sometimes these data items are missing and how these missing data have been handled has varied over the years.
Prior to , the missing values were imputed using donor values from the most recently processed complete record of similar characteristics to the incomplete record. Also, there was a particular problem in In this year, the proportion of live birth registrations without PSA information received from one register office was higher than usual due to a combination of circumstances. The missing data on those records were imputed using a random sample of data for that area from the previous three years.
This was a change from the usual method but was used to improve the quality of the imputations.
NC SCHS: Statistics and Reports: Vital Statistics
Procedures were put in place, which means that such a problem is unlikely to recur. For further information about this see Section C. This improved the distribution of imputed mothers' ages especially in small areas and the distributions for each of the other PSA data items. In , a new process was introduced to link live birth registrations to their corresponding NHS birth notification record.
Not a Clear Paper Trail
Some data items appear on both sources and often, and when an item is missing from the birth registration, it will be on the birth notification, allowing us to use that value instead of imputation. From May , imputation of missing data on the number of previous children was discontinued because the level of missing data was very low the number of previous live-born children is missing on less than 0.
However, with the number of missing values being so low, it is debatable whether imputation is necessary; it changes some records and makes the methodology more complex, with minimal gain statistical quality in this case because so few values are missing. As a result, all imputation was discontinued in March As well as expanding coverage of the previous children question to all women, the question changed slightly.
Before May , married women were asked only for births to current and previous husbands even if they took place before the marriage , whereas after the change, all women are simply asked to provide information on all previous births. The information provided by women on the number of previous live-born children they had when registering their most recent birth shows higher proportions of married women saying they have previous children than had been recorded prior to the change.
More information can be found in this methodology article on Quality assurance of new data on birth registrations, as a result of changes to the Population Statistics Act — from May onwards. The population figures used to calculate rates are the Office for National Statistics ONS mid-year estimates of the resident population of England and Wales.
The population estimates used are the most up-to-date when rates are produced. The specific population estimates used are detailed alongside published tables. Sometimes it is necessary to revise fertility rates following revisions to the population estimates.
Such revisions are footnoted on tables. Further information on population estimates and their methodology is available. Between and , the cut-off date for inclusion in the annual dataset was births occurring in the reference year that were registered by 11 February of the following year. This being 42 days after 31 December, the legal time limit for registering a birth occurring at the end of the year.
For , the cut-off date was extended to 25 February to allow increased capture of births registered late. This change means the annual statistics are prepared on as close to a true occurrences basis as possible without further delay to publication, which provides a purer denominator for calculating infant mortality rates. To avoid artificially inflating the dataset, through the increased capture of late registrations, the start date for the carryover of late registrations from births occurring in was similarly moved by two weeks.
In the volume the total number of births included:. Total annual births for to were derived in a similar way, except that births for all earlier years were included in the annual totals, not just births in the previous year.
go here Up to , the cut-off date was 31 January of the following year, but from this was then extended to the legal time limit by which a birth should be registered 42 days. Since the dataset for the volume, a small number of very late registrations have been excluded each year from the official statistics. Inclusion of these very late registrations in the statistical dataset was found to have an adverse effect on the quality of infant mortality data when linked with the live birth data. The annual dataset now includes only those births occurring in the reference year and late registrations of births occurring in the year previous to the reference year.
Every registrar of births and deaths is required to secure the prompt registration of births occurring within the sub-district covered. The registrar will, if necessary, send a requisition to the person whose duty it is to register the birth. There are also some very late registrations that have still not been registered some 14 months after the end of the reference year. These records are not included in any birth statistic. Since , there have been fewer than 70 of these each year.
The birth notification is a document completed by the doctor or midwife present at the birth. It includes information that is not on the birth registration like gestation length and ethnicity of baby. We link birth registrations and birth notifications to produce some of our statistics as it enables us to provide breakdowns by these factors. The registrar also receives birth notification information so they can check whether all births have been registered or not.
The National Health Service Act amended in and National Health Service Wales Act , require notification of a birth to the local authority and clinical commissioning group local health board in Wales where the birth occurred. This is carried out by the hospital where the birth took place, or by the midwife or doctor in attendance at the birth. A list of the birth notifications for the sub-district is supplied to the registrar, who will then check whether every birth has been registered. The registrar will also verify each birth registered by checking it is on the health authority list.
In , The impact on quality of the statistics is negligible, given the small number of unlinked records. Table 1: Percentage of birth registration records linked to a notification, England and Wales Year Percentage of birth registration records linked to a notification Births to residents of England and Wales that occur outside England and Wales are registered elsewhere and are excluded from our statistics.